The basic characteristics of Peanuts
Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) is a plant which originates by South and Central America, primarily mainly grown on the soil of Mexico.
In appearance a peanut resembles to other tree nuts, such as almonds or hazelnuts, although according to the nomenclature peanut does not belong to nuts, already in legumes.
Peanut starts to grow like a flower. When the fruit grows, it is because of their weight bent to the ground where it place and matures.
What is the nutritional value of peanuts?
Many associate peanuts with strong energy store, which he really did, but peanuts contain a lot of nutrients that are important and necessary for human health.
Among the most important minerals in peanuts are iron and zinc, which many other plants do not possess. In peanut are accommodated and other important minerals: potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, manganese and selenium.
Vitamin composition of peanuts is also a representative; the most represented vitamin E and vitamin B complex (B2, B3, B6, and B9), vitamin C, tocopherol -provitamin of vitamin D.
In the fruit of peanut nutritious part of energy for the most part made up of plant proteins, then fats and carbohydrates. Characteristic of peanut is that does not contain cholesterol! (Applies to raw form without supplements of fat and oil)
The membrane peanut that is brown in color, possesses multitude of plant fibbers; but during heat treatment, membrane usually removed, but then is greater availability of protein inside the fruit.
Nutrients that are as important as the minerals and vitamins found in a peanuts are amino acid – arginine and coenzyme Q10.
What are the Health Benefits of peanuts?
1. Regulates level of glucose
Studies have shown that intake of peanuts in the form of peanut butter or raw peanuts, especially for breakfast, can reduce blood glucose levels in diabetics.
2. Lowers Cholesterol
The peanuts are housed healthy unsaturated fats, and trans fat content is very low. The presence of magnesium, calcium, vitamin E in peanuts has positive influence on blood pressure, heart disease prevention, and reduction of total cholesterol and triglycerides.
3. Reduces appetite
Peanut is an energy-rich food, which gives a longer feeling of satiety and compensating for lost energy.
4. Increases concentration and memory skills
Peanuts contain a lot of vitamin B3, niacin, which, despite numerous medicinal properties, known in that helps the normal functioning of the brain and enhance memory.
5. Enhances libido
Vitamin E which has a lot in peanuts maintains the normal function of screw glands, especially prostate and affects the potency.
6. Peanuts against tuberculosis
The amino acid arginine has proved to be very effective in the fight against tuberculosis. This was confirmed by doctors, which are feed people suffering from tuberculosis on a daily basis with peanuts during treatment.
7. Beneficial for the stomach
Peanuts and its oil are effective tools for the secretion of bile. A so-called vegetable milk peanut is very effective in the treatment of ulcers of the stomach and duodenum, gastritis and other gastric diseases.
What are the disadvantages of peanuts?
Peanut belongs to the group of frequent allergens; in sensitive people who consume it can cause severe allergic reactions, which is why those people should avoid peanut.
Because peanuts grow underground, there is a certainty that will be infected with a fungus that produces a toxin – aflatoxin. The presence of aflatoxin is most often on the fruits of which are narrower, due to the oxidation of fats.